What are stem cells?

Stem cells are a particular type of cells found in all multicellular organisms, including humans. They distinguish themselves from the other cells of our body through three unique properties:

  • They can divide throughout our lifespan, a feature defined as long-term self-renewal.
  • They have retained part of the potency of embryonic cells to give rise to multiple cell types
  • They can give rise to specialized cell types in a process called differentiation.

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